A Historical Web Page Of A Forgotten Genius...............





    Mr. P.C. Rath attended the Training School of the Archaeological Survey of India at Taxila, Punjab, for three month in 1944-45. His course included the supervision of excavation, the elements of surveying and the principles of recording and administration. He showed throughout great keenness and willingness. He also has the useful quality of the power of command.

    The course aimed at the emphasis of Standards of Archaeology than complete training for which the time was too short. Mr. Rath took full advantage of time available and work hard.

Dr. R. E. Mortimer Wheeler

Director General Archaeology, Government of India, Taxila 

Dated the 28th Feb 1945 

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Ravenshaw College, Cuttack

The 9th April 1938                

    Babu  Purnachandra Rath , B.A. of the Law Part II class has shown me some of his works in Archaeology. I have had discussion with him on the subject and have formed a very good opinion of his abilities in this respect. If proper encouragement and training be given to him, I am sure, he will become a very good research scholar. Such scholars are needed to reconstruct the history of Orissa and I hope that Babu Purnachandra Rath should receive proper encouragement from the Patna Darbar or any other source, which is in a position to help him.

P. Parija, Principal

Ravenshaw College, Cuttack.

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    The article named 'A discourse on Koshala' written by Babu P.C. Rath, B.A.D.Ed, makes a very pleasant reading, and I sincerely congratulate him on this splendid achievement.

    Mr. Rath deeply impressed me as a critical student of history, even during his under-graduate career in the Ravenshaw College and I am glad my expectation has been justified.

    The writer has given us a connected history of the Southern Koshala territory from the earliest dawn of history to the advent of the Chauhans in a masterly manner, embodying in his work the latest researches on the subject. The problems of this period of Orissian history are still controversial and the writer in dealing with the problem of Koshala history in this period in an illuminating manner has thrown a flood of light on Orissian history as well.

    The article bristles with much important and startling suggestion, which would revolutionise our notions of Orissian history.

    In alluding to the discovery of the Bikram Khol inscription in the Ramgarh estate (Sambalpur district) and the pre-historic paintings of the Raigarh hills, he has pushed back the history of Sambalpur to a very dim past, with the support of eminent scholars like Mr. Percy Brown and the late-lamented Dr. K.P. Jayaswal & others.

    His main theme that the rulers of the Sambalpur tract played a very important part in the formative period of Orissian history have been convincingly proved epigraphic records.

    Professor B.C. Mazumdar, Binayak Mishra and the late lamented R.D. Banerji have tried to solve some of the knotty problems of Orissian history and Mr. Rath makes bold to refute some of their weak position epigraphic and other grounds.

    I would like to focus the attention of scholar on the following points raised by the writer.

    1. The Airas of Tosala-cum-Koshala.

    2. The chronology of the Bhausmas and the Somna Dynasty.

    3. The identification of Kharligarh in the Patna State with the Kalinga nagar of Kharavela.

    4. The identification ogf Polomolokili with this Gandhamaddhan hills.

    5. The identification of Jajati nagarh of epigraphic records with the present town of Sambalpur.

    I am glad to note that he has proved faithful to his first love namely

history and antiquarian researches and I hope all facilities should be placed at his disposal by the patrons of learning in and outside Orissa. Mr. Rath would proved a great scholar if he would devote his whole time and energy to research.

G.S.Das, B.A. (London)

Prof. Of History, Ravenshaw College, Cuttack


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    I had great pleasure to come in close contact with Babu Purna ChandraRath, BA, B.Ed. while my stay in Revenshaw college hostel during Orissa assembly session and I had occasions to go through his research discourses as well as his other articles on the subjects of ancient historical matters. He collected many ancient coins of different countries and antiquities. He has a special aptitude for research work. If he gets opportunities he will prove a great research scholar.

Jagabandhu Sinha


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    I have great pleasure in testifying to the keen interest of Mr. Purna Chandra Rath, a law student now put up in the Revenshaw college hostel, in archeological studies and research. He has taken up law study after serving for some period in the educational department of the Patna State. During the period he was in service he seems to have lost no opportunity in carrying on research work within such limits and during off hours in the midst of strenuous labour involved in the discharge of duries appertaining to an office cannot be very successful. For research work to be successful greater freedom is necessary. In my humble opinion a research sCholar should, in fact be free from all anxiety in regard to the bread problem and should be the master of his time. I have no hesitation in stating that Mr. Rath has an ardent desire to carry on research work arising out of his natural gifts which struggle for expression and that such expression will add to the wealth of knowledge not only of Orissa but also of india may of the world under patronage which would afford full opportunity for such expression.

M. G Pattnaik


Dt. 28.9.37

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    I have personally gone through the various and other matters (including the photograph) regarding the working and methods followed by my friend Mr. P.C. Rath, Director of Archaeology. I know him since the year 1942, when we first met in the session of the History Congress at Hyderabad. And what I saw in him then and the wonderful work produced by him since then - both these really reveal the marvelous capacity this young scholar possesses. He is a brilliant scholar of remarkable qualities and abilities. He has a quick grasp; a clear understanding and a deep laid and well thought out plan before him now. Besides carrying out works in different fields of epigraphy, numismatic, art and architecture, he has taken an admirable archaeological survey of the whole land. Mr. Rath is really an asset in the field of Indian archaeology. Best of all, he is self-made and one would really look towards him with admiration when he comes to know that this is all done single-handed.

I earnestly desire that like His Highness the Maharaja Sahib of Patna State, if the Chiefs and Princess of the States also create scope for Mr. Rath to work out his plans, I am sure that he will bring out the whole history of Koshala and Utkala on a firm foundation in the history of world culture.

I wish him every success.

Dr. A.P. Karmarkar , MA. LLB. Ph.D.

University Professor, Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Poona

Dt. 31.12.44

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I had occasion to be with Mr. Purna Chandra Rath, B.A.,D.Ed., Superintendent, Patna State at Taxila and could find time to go through Mr.Rath's papers. And the progress report of the archaeological department Patna State. I am glad to find that with a couple of years Mr. Rath's adventure with this dried science and stone is simply a feat. With the versatile genius in the person of Mr. Rath couple with the facilities offered to him by the State, there is not a single branch connected with archaeology, epigraphy and research work that is left untouched. His most interesting lecture on 'Evolution of Indian temples with particular reference to the monuments in the Patna State' was simply a model of extensive research work form the point of view of Scholarship. His capacities were not only recognized at Taxila where he put in most excellent work at the excavated sites and in pottery, but even at Lahore and Agra he delivered interesting and exhaustive lectures before big gathering of scholars. This huge task of protecting ancient Indian monuments and exploring further sites connected with the history and culture of ancient Toshala and Koshala needs a band of devoted and sincere workers as well as the patronage of all the important States of Eastern State Agency. He has discussed with me the pros and cons of establishing an Institute for the Eastern States at some suitable place there. This would not only be a meeting ground for the fusion of the culture represented by the different states in the shape of the preservation of antiquities recovered from them in a big museum, but it would foster scholarship by engaging scholars who would make erudite contribution on the history of Toshala and Kosala. This institute would look to the excavation and preservation of ancient monuments in the whole of Eastern States Agency.

Baij Nath Puri, M.A. LL.B

Author of "India in Kusan Period". Lucknow